The city of Varna - Bulgaria’s sea capital - has mild continental climate, influenced by its closeness to the Black Sea. Summer season is from May till October, with hottest months July and August - the average temperature is approx. 28 C/ 83 F, and the temperature of the sea water reaches 26 ?/ 79 F. The Black Sea is one of the seas most isolated from the world ocean and thanks to this its saltiness is 18 promiles, half of what is typical for the oceans. Because of the slow temperature changes of the sea water, in the spring the water is cool, while in the autumn it is warm and pleasant till the end of October.
Varna is the third biggest city in Bulgaria with population of about 350 000 people. During the tourist season, Varna turns into a main centre of the Bulgarian Black Sea coast with its traditionally big resorts such as St. Constantine and Helena (1948), Golden Sands (1956) and Albena (1970), all of them newly renovated and enlarged, as well as comparatively smaller resorts such as Sunny Day, Riviera etc.
Varna is 500 km away from the capital city of Bulgaria - Sofia and 550 km away from Istanbul. The city is the transport centre of north-east Bulgaria combining water, air, land and railway transport. During the summer season, Varna International Airport serves to charter destinations - Great Britain, Germany, France, Poland, and Russia etc. During the whole year there are regular flights to London, Budapest, Vienna, Tel Aviv, Odessa and others.
Close to Villa Olimp (200 m) there is a small grocery, and a Piccadilly supermarket is situated 1.5 km away on the road from Varna. You can also find a wide choice of foods, clothes and electric appliances in the stores of Metro, Kaufland, Technopolis and Piccadilly, and fresh fruits and vegetables - at the open air markets Chataldzha and Kolhozen Pazar.
The central pedestrian zone, abundant with shops for every taste, runs from the Cathedral to Cherno More Hotel and the Festival complex, where the entrance of the Sea Garden is situated.
For those interested in history, the region of Varna offers rich choice of landmarks, such as Evksinograd (1.5 km) - the last summer residence of the Bulgarian royal family, the Botanical garden and residence of the former Rumanian queen in Balchik (30 km), the historical cape Kaliakra (60 km), Aladzha monastery (10 km). The Historical museum in the city presents an exhibition of the world’s oldest gold, discovered in a necropolis near Varna dating from 5,000 years B.C. Other places worth to be seen are the Roman baths from 2-3 century A.D., the Uspenie Bogorodichno Cathedral, built in 19th century, the Naval Museum, the Ethnographic Museum.
In relation to the culture and amusement, the summer season in Varna presents a number of music and theatre festivals, organized in the Festival complex, the Summer and Winter Theatre, the Opera, and the Arts Gallery.